Pre-game discussion regarding the low post:
Do the teams play an inside oriented game?
What is the temperament for the low post players?
Will the defense play behind the low post player or attempt to front him?
Be aware of defensive support on the lob pass.
Be aware of the push-off by the offensive player in an effort to catch the lob pass.
The offensive player may not use the swim move to lower the arm of the defensive player.
Rooting the offensive player out of position with a knee in the backside should not be allowed.
Remember, the players should be allowed to play physically and with emotion. No coach wants the emotion and intensity taken out of the game by a whistle-blowing referee. To do so is an admission that you cannot cope with this level of competition. Do not start the game with the preconceived idea that you must get tough early. Allow the game to develop and see what transpires. So do not panic at the first sign of rough play. Often times a game will return to normal with good positive communication and a good solid foul.
PRINCIPLE OF VERTICALITY (POV)
When are we going to start getting it right? Principle of verticality has been a point of emphasis for more years than I can remember. The defensive player is definitely not getting full protection or benefit of the rule regarding legal position.
The defensive player is in legal defensive position when the player has two feet on the floor and is facing his opponent.
A defensive player is entitled to jump vertically from a legally established position on the floor and, in so doing, is entitled to occupy space within the vertical plane. The defensive player should not be penalized or placed at a disadvantage for leaving the floor while maintaining a legally established position. At best, it’s a “No Call” but certainly, in the overwhelming number of situations, not a foul by the defensive player.
The defensive player may raise his hands vertically while standing on the floor or jump vertically with arms extended vertically and be in a legal position.
The jump shooter or offensive player may not “Clear Out” or break the plane of the defensive and cause contact that is a foul. The foul in this case is on the offensive and not on the defense.
The defensive players may not “Belly Up” or use the lower part of the body by moving into the airborne player and thereby causing contact.
Regardless of how ugly the play may look, do not penalize the defensive player when the offensive player jumps into his arms. It is reasonable to expect the ball to come loose and the shooter to fall to the floor.
Some guidelines to officials in making the correct verticality call follow:
A defensive player’s arms may not be placed above the offensive player to prevent the player from assuming a normal standing position. If contact occurs at this point, the defensive player is responsible. The defense may not occupy the offensive player’s vertical space and cause contact.
If the defensive player’s arms are held vertically and are maintained in this position, no offensive player may cause contact even if the defensive player jumps vertically to a higher position.
When the shooter drives into the lane and the defensive player has a legal position before the shooter is airborne, the responsibility for contact is on the shooter if the defensive player rises vertically with arms extended upward to block the shot.
The responsibility for contact is on the dribbler when the dribbler drives the baseline and jumps obliquely (toward the free-throw line) in order to get a position that allows a shot at the basket, and makes contact with a defensive player who is maintaining a legal position with raised arms. The defensive player has right to any position legally established. The offense is given an unfair and unwarranted advantage when contact in the vertical plane above this legal position is charged to the defense, when by rule it is the responsibility of the offense. At best, it is a “No Call” but certainly not a call against the defense.
The basic components of the principals of verticality are:
a. Legal guarding position must be established and obtained initially and movement thereafter must be legal.
b. From such position, the defender may rise or jump vertically and occupy the space within his or her vertical plane.
c. The hands and arms of the defender may be raised with his or her vertical plane while the defender is on the floor or in the air.
d. The defender should not be penalized for leaving the floor vertically or having his or her hands and arms extended within the vertical plane.
e. The offensive player, whether on the floor or airborne, may not “clear out” or cause contact that is not incidental.
f. The defender may not “belly up” or use the lower part of the body or arms to cause contact outside his or her vertical plane.
g. The player with the ball shall be given no more protection or consideration than the defender in the judging of which, if either player has violated.